school so will struggle to find
employment in a country where so many don't work and where a quarter of a
million people are living in refugee camps along the Chad border.
Water is also a serious issue for children in southern Sudan in
particular where small boreholes are the main source of water
with people walking miles, then queuing for hours to get
supplies of untreated water resulting in many suffering from
bacterial and protozoal diarrhoea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever ~
all water related. Many children die from these diseases and
those who do live have a life expectancy of just 52yrs.
It is against this background that many children in Sudan are
severely traumatised; the scars in society are not a brief
period in Sudan's history, for children they are the country's
only known history for no other situation has ever been
experienced. Within this group of children are those known as
the 'lost boys of Sudan' who were displaced during the second
civil war in Sudan.
They number around 20,000 and having been separated from their
families or orphaned during the war, fled the violence by
trekking often hundreds of miles across the wilderness in search
of refuge. Many died on their journey to find safety only to
find that peace, after they reached camps in Ethiopia, shattered
after the change of government there in 1991. After returning
home to face renewed violence many of them fled again to Kenya.