Just 22% of children in Eritrea have access to safe water,
whilst a mere 13% have access to sanitation facilities leading
to regular epidemics of diarrhoea, malaria, and respiratory
infections. The infant mortality rate is a staggering 55%.
Poverty is also widespread
with 81% of children in rural areas living in families with an
income of less than £123 per year per person. There are three types of school for children in Eritrea,
elementary from 6-11yrs, junior from 11-15 and high school from
15 -20, however most children go to school either in the morning
or afternoon as there are a lack of qualified teachers and
actual schools for all children to attend at once.
elementary school is just 35.3%. and the average child who does
attend has six years worth of schooling. Around 58.6% of the
population are literate, however only 47.6% of girls.
All children in Eritrea as they become adults are required to undertake national
service for a minimum of twelve months however often the period
of enlistment is much longer than that, with one in every fifteen
Eritrean citizens in the armed forces such is the country's
distrust of neighbour Ethiopia.